Health + Wellness

3 Signs AMD is Effecting Your Eyesight

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a progressive eye disease that can lead to severe vision impairment and blindness, particularly in older individuals. As the leading cause of vision loss among older Americans, AMD poses a significant health risk that warrants attention and awareness.

Early diagnosis and proper care are crucial in managing AMD and preventing its progression. The American Society of Retina Specialists (ASRS) emphasizes the importance of recognizing the signs and symptoms of AMD.

Types of AMD

There are two main types of AMD: dry AMD and wet AMD. Dry AMD is the more common form and is characterized by the gradual deterioration of the macula, the central part of the retina responsible for sharp, central vision.

Wet AMD, although less common, is more severe and involves the growth of abnormal blood vessels under the macula, which can leak fluid and blood, causing rapid loss of central vision.

Risk Factors

Age is a primary risk factor for AMD, with older individuals being more susceptible to developing the condition. Additionally, individuals with a family history of AMD are at an increased risk.

Other risk factors include smoking, obesity, high blood pressure, excessive sun exposure, and a diet low in fruits and vegetables.


It is essential to be vigilant of the symptoms of AMD, which can manifest in various ways:

  1. Altered or Wavy Lines: You may notice that straight lines, such as door frames or checkerboards, appear wavy or distorted. Using an Amsler grid—a tool with black lines on a white piece of paper and a dot in the middle—can help detect these changes.
  2. Blurred Central Vision: AMD can cause a gradual loss of central vision, making it challenging to see objects clearly. This can impact daily activities such as reading or recognizing faces.
  3. Washed Out Colors: Colors may appear less vibrant or dull, indicating a decrease in color perception. This change in vision should prompt a visit to an eye care professional.

Prevention and Treatment

While there is no cure for AMD, early detection and treatment can help slow its progression and preserve vision.

Lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy diet rich in antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids, managing

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